Urologic diseases refer to a wide variety of conditions, all related to the filtering and moving of the urine from the body. Urologic diseases can affect all groups of people irrespective of age and gender. Urologic diseases affect the urinary tract in females, in males; they affect the urinary tract or reproductive organs. Some of the Most Common Urologic Diseases. There are many diseases and disorders related to urology.
The most commonly seen diseases are listed below.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. It is a disorder that causes an increase in the prostate gland. BPH is generally seen in older men and not straightly connected to prostate cancer. Symptoms of BPH are frequent urge to urinate, a weak stream of urine, and also feel the bladder is cleared after urination. Clear monitoring of the condition, doctors prescribe alpha-blockers for the treatment. Worse situations are treated with surgery.
Kidney and Ureteral Stones
Kidney stones are formed when the urine is containing crystal-forming particles. Ureteral stones are the stones that move from the kidney into the ureter. These stones can obstruct urine flow and cause a significant amount of pain. In some cases, these stones are expelled without any medication. To remove larger stones, they need surgical procedures. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is one of the most widely used techniques for this problem. In this procedure, sound waves are used to break stones into small pieces, so that it would be easy to get the small pieces out of the body.
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the prostate gland, a small walnut-shaped gland present in the male that produces the seminal fluid and transport sperm. Normally prostate cancer grows very slowly and it does not cause severe harm and other types spread rapidly and aggressively. Symptoms of prostate cancer may not be seen at early stages when it turns to an advanced stage you may see symptoms and signs, some of them are trouble in urinating, blood in semen, bone pain, erectile dysfunction and decreased force in the stream of urine.