Doctor of Medicine has its roots from Latin which originally means teacher of medicine. In some countries, it is professional directorate including USA and Canada while in other countries it is an advanced academic research degree similar to Ph.D. for example in the UK. In 1703, the University of Glasgow’s first medical graduate, Samuel Benion, was issued with the academic degree of Doctor of Medicine. In a nutshell, Medical doctors (MDs) are physicians who work in hospitals, clinics, medical centers, or private practices. MDs treat people for illnesses and injuries. They also prescribe medications, order diagnostic tests, diagnose ailments, and record patient information. Doctor of medicine often has a specialization such as general practice, gynecology, dermatology, pediatric medicine, orthopedics, or many others. All surgeons are medical doctors.
Medical doctors’ jobs vary by specialty and work environment. While emergency room physicians will work in fast-paced, high-stress environments, many family doctors are able to set their own schedules in private medical care practice. Helping people in illness and injury can be very rewarding, but the job can be stressful and carry an emotional toll, as well.
A Bachelor degree:
Most of the students complete their Bachelors before entering a medical school. For them, it is really pertinent and must make sure that their course loads include a significant amount of scientific studies before coming to a medical school.
Completing 4-year tenure of Medical School:
Medical school takes four years to complete. In the first two years, students take foundational coursework in the practice of medicine, bodily systems, and diseases. During the last two years of medical school, students rotate through various hospital specialty departments and gain experience in patient care under faculty supervision.
Complete a residency:
Individuals choose residency programs based on their career interests. These programs usually last from three to eight years and cover general medical principles and specific medical specialties. Residents perform a variety of extensive duties, such as conducting physical exams, taking patient histories, attending conferences and interpreting lab information.
Before practicing medicine, all doctors must obtain a license. To qualify for licensure, candidates must earn a degree from an accredited medical school. Candidates are also required to complete a residency program and pass the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). Each state has different requirements to become licensed; for example, some states may only give candidates a certain number of attempts to pass the USMLE, while others have no limit on USMLE attempts.
Earn specification in a specialty area:
Earning a specialty certification is not required, but it may increase employment opportunities. Certification by the American Board of Medical Specialties is voluntary and involves an extensive process of evaluations and assessments. Doctors who wish to keep their certification must continue their education before testing for certification renewal.