Urologists are specialists who diagnose and treat conditions and diseases of the urinary tract. People often see a urologist because of signs or symptoms like these:
- Blood in your urine
- Difficult or painful urination
- Leaking urine when you cough or sneeze
- Pain in your abdomen, pelvis, or groin area
- Protruding, a fallen bladder
- Pain during intercourse
- Lower back pain or pain on the side of your back
Any of these signs or symptoms could be an indication of something more serious. Urologists treat annoying, painful, or serious medical conditions like these:
- Overactive bladder
- Enlarged prostate
- Erectile dysfunction
- Kidney or bladder stones
- Bladder, kidney, or urinary tract infection
- Kidney, bladder, or prostate cancer
- Sexually transmitted infections and diseases
- Inflammation of the prostate
It’s important to visit your urologist if you notice any of the signs or symptoms listed above. Not seeking treatment can result in kidney or bladder damage, prostate cancer, and other serious medical conditions.
When you visit your urologist, he may order lab tests to check your kidney function, blood cell counts, hormone levels, or PSA (prostate-specific antigen) levels. He may also recommend medical imaging of your kidneys, prostate, bladder, or other organs.
What can I expect?
The urologist will normally have notes from the referring doctor, but they will ask questions about the patient’s medical history and carry out a physical examination.
They may also order some tests.
- Imaging tests, such as CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasound can help the doctor locate the problem.
- A cystoscope is a long, thin probe with a camera on that can be used to see inside the urinary tract, and, sometimes, to take a sample of tissue for testing.
- A urine test can check for bacteria or other signs of disease.
- A biopsy can check for cancer and other disorders.
Contributions – Efforts for improving research production and quality in developing countries are perhaps as important as understanding the strengths of accomplished nations. A moral obligation for major scientific associations in enhancing urology research in developing countries is existent. In fact, evidence suggests that young scientists in such countries share similar research eagerness as their peers in developed areas; however, several obstacles interfere with their productivity. North America had the highest contribution to the field of urology in 2015, followed by Europe, Asia, South America, Africa, and Oceania.